Friday, 29 July 2022

Indo-European and Ancient North Eurasian cosmology - The World Tree and Hell

Through comparative mythology we can reconstruct the earliest Indo-European beliefs about the cosmos and the afterlife as far as 6000 years back. but Indo-European religion has many features in common with Siberian and Native American religions. These three groups all share common ancestry from an ice-age population called Ancient North Eurasians, so we can even reconstruct cosmological beliefs of a Siberian people 20,000 years ago! This film helps you to understand the most ancient and fundamental pagan beliefs concerning death, the underworld and reincarnation.

 

ART






These four artists created original art for this video:

  • Hell hounds / Wolf art / Gaulish warrior / Yamnaya couple / Hel and her army by Christian Sloan Hall 
  • Sacrifice to the head in Hell / Yamnaya funeral by Graman  
  • Wading through Hell by Jack Jones
  • The World Tree in Hell by Pete Amachree (summer pudding)

The following artists also kindly contributed preexisting art for this video:

Additional Thanks


Readings contributed by voice actor D. W. Draffin of  'Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages' on YouTube


Research information relating to *Kolyéh₂  from John of Crecganford on YouTube

Music

In order of use in the score

Tom May - Atlantis falling
Gvasdnahr - Through the Astral void 
Wolcensmen - Sunne (remix by Eternal Rik)
Saichaika - Musica Aeterna
Kevin MacLeod - Rites
Borg - The Dancing Forest
Chris Zabriskie - The_Theatrical_Poster_for_Poltergeist_III
Legionarii - Aristocracy
Andrew weis - scottish medieval
Kevin MacLeod - Enchanted journey
Bark sound productions - Forn
Bark sound productions - Eld
Rishi Shah - song IV - From Runes to Ruins
Borg - May queen enters the circle
Doug Maxwell - Bansure raga
Kevin MacLeod - Dhaka
Doug Maxwell - Arabian nightfall
JR Tundra - Shesh Pesh
Lorcán Mac Mathúna - Caoineadh Fherdia
Stewart Keller - flickers while the door creaks
Myling - Töcken
Xurious - Steppe expansion
Realization of a New Earth - I Think I Can Help You
Ormgård - Sjálfsforn
Chris Zabriskie - Virtues inherited
Altyn Tuu - Altai tuva mix
Mauerbrecher - Hunnic horde
Eagle song of the Hopi Indians

Sources

  • Ara, M. ‘Eschatology in the Indo-Iranian Traditions: The Genesis and Transformation’...
  • Anthony, David W.; Brown, Dorcas R. (2019). "Late Bronze Age midwinter dog sacrifices and warrior initiations at Krasnosamarskoe, Russia". In Olsen, Birgit A.; Olander, Thomas; Kristiansen, Kristian (eds.). Tracing the Indo-Europeans: New evidence from archaeology and historical linguistics. Oxbow Books. ISBN 978-1-78925-273-6. 
  • Berresford-Ellis, P. ‘The Ancient World of the Celts’ Constable 1998  
  • Dineley, M. 2014 ‘Beakers were for Beer! part one: ale, mead & residues’ 
  • Dodge, Erick. (2020). Orpheus, Odin, and the Indo-European Underworld: A Response to Bruce Lincoln's Article “Waters of Memory, Waters of Forgetfulness"”. 10.13140/RG.2.2.15131.90402.  
  • Grim, J. ‘The Shaman: Patterns of Siberian and Ojibway Healing’ 1983  
  • Günntert, H. Kalypso. Bedeutungsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen auf dem Gebiet der indogermanischen Sprachen, 1919
  • Lincoln, Bruce. (1982). Waters of Memory, Waters of Forgetfulness. Fabula. 23. 19-34. 10.1515/fabl.1982.23.1.19. 
  • Lincoln, Bruce. Death, War, and Sacrifice: Studies in Ideology & Practice. 2nd ed. edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. 
  • Meyer, K ‘Der irische Totengott und die Toteninsel’ 
  • Nihil obstat blog ‘The Silencing of St. Oran’ 2009  
  • Okladnikov, A.P. ‘Yakutia Before Its Incorporation Into the Russian State.’ 1970 
  • Pitulko, V., Pavlova, E., Nikolskiy, P., & Ivanova, V. (2012). The oldest art of the Eurasian Arctic: Personal ornaments and symbolic objects from Yana RHS, Arctic Siberia. Antiquity, 86(333), 642-659. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00047827 
  • Saga Book XVI, Viking Society for Northern Research, UCL 1962-65  
  • Schlerath, B. 1954. Der Hund bei den Indogermanen. Paideuma, Bd. 6, H. 1. pp. 25-40. Frobenius Institute Stable 
  • Scholz, Herbert. The Hound in Greek-Roman magic and religion. Berlin. 1937 (p. 51)




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